Reliant Logistics Institute


The Essential Logistics Processes for Optimising your Supply Chain


Logistics operations are of utmost strategic importance to a company’s operations, particularly the supply chain. Companies with effective logistics operations are more productive and competitive because they can reduce operating expenses and provide their clients with high-quality service.

Competent management of logistical procedures frequently translates into having a competitive edge as new consumer standards, such as omnichannel retail, become more established. This is why an increasing number of businesses are concentrating on deploying cutting-edge technology that offer their clients effective and error-free services. Shipping and logistics courses provided by Institutes like Reliant institute of Logistics can ensure the updating of staffs who can handle the technology with ease.


How do logistics procedures work?

All operations that take place between the time a product is manufactured and the time it is delivered to the final consumer are included in the logistics processes. This covers delivery, holding, and final distribution. The objective is to supply the specified amount of materials at the predetermined price, at the appropriate time and location.

The first step in creating a supply chain that is optimised is to carefully control all of the activities involved in the various logistical operations. Resources and information must be evenly distributed among all of the links in a company’s logistics chain.


Automation in logistics is the answer that more and more businesses are turning to in order to maintain their competitiveness in an environment where Industry 4.0 is gaining centre stage. When all or some supply chain procedures, including the information transfer, are automated, the management of logistics processes improves significantly.


How to improve each of these five logistical procedures with examples

The five most frequent logistics procedures are order pickup and dispatch, order storage, inventory management, transportation, and delivery of goods.


1) Purchasing

In order to successfully perform business (production, distribution, or sale), raw materials or products must be sent to a logistics hub, manufacturing facility, or point of sale. To manage procurement in an effective and lucrative manner, a well-coordinated facility is essential. Companies can organise their stock levels based on their sourcing strategy when they integrate a warehouse management system (WMS) into their logistical procedures.


Shipments of products to production are another function of procurement. Companies employ WMS, the software that guarantees a continuous flow of raw materials to the manufacturing lines, to optimise this logistics phase. In order to coordinate warehouse activities with production processes and guarantee supply, the programme is also linked to the manufacturing execution system (MES). With this cutting-edge feature, all processes are fully traceable, and inventory is always visible.

The first logistical step in the supply chain is procurement.

2) Keeping

The term “storage” refers to the processes involved in safely keeping, safeguarding, and storing things for the necessary amount of time. The organisation must carry out this task by selecting the storage system that best satisfies its logistical requirements, taking into account the facility’s layout and the properties of the commodities itself. The throughput of the warehouse depends on selecting the proper quantity and kind of handling equipment to handle the products.

The best partners when it comes to improving the storage of products are automation and digitization. To boost productivity, businesses use automated solutions including stacker cranes, conveyors, electric monorail systems, and transfer cars, among others.

With the help of automated technology, several big fishes has changed its logistical procedures and can now effectively prepare 99% of orders. They can handle fluctuations in the number of orders with automation. Automation enabled them to adapt their resources to the market’s needs as activity levels fluctuated regularly during the pandemic. They have also reduced operational expenses and improved logistics thanks to automation.


3) Inventory control


Inventory control, which determines the quantity of stock and the timing of shipments to fulfil customer requirements, is another important logistical activity. Effective stock management lowers the risk of overstocking or stockouts and directly affects the throughput of the operations involved in the logistics process.


Installing a warehouse management system (WMS) is advised in order to track the items precisely and effectively. With the use of this software, businesses are able to manage the resources at their disposal in real time, pinpoint the exact location of each item, monitor product entry and exit, and predict when a certain thing will run out of stock. To accomplish this, the WMS recognises and logs the products as soon as they enter the warehouse. Then, based on the requirements of the company (slotting), it assigns them a place. Products can be thoroughly traced as a result.

Operations become more effective as a result of digital stock management. WMS is used by many global suppliers in their facilities to improve inventory management. WMS has thus made inventory management simpler. Our response times, product placement, and quality control have all improved significantly.

4) Order selection and delivery

Order processing is packaging the goods that customers have ordered so that they can be delivered as quickly and cheaply as feasible. This logistics phase, along with transportation, has the most impact on overall customer satisfaction because prompt and accurate order delivery is a need for providing good service.

Operations for picking and sending packages include a variety of tasks. These tasks involve moving an operator throughout the warehouse, removing items from racks, sorting and consolidating the commodities, packaging, and loading a vehicle.



Orders may be delivered to final consumers, manufacturing sites, or other company offices and retail locations. A WMS must be used to report each new order that enters the system in order to guarantee agile delivery and eliminate picking error. To improve operations, the software can be linked to picking assistance tools, such as pick/put-to-light or voice-picking tools.

Businesses have streamlined all of their procedures with WMS. As a result, 90% of things ordered before noon are shipped out the same day, according to customer feedback. The organisation has benefited greatly from the management of the WMS and the optimisation of operator pick paths, which has increased the speed of storage and order picking processes.


5) Product delivery and transportation

One of the biggest issues in logistics is last-mile delivery, which is the last stage of the delivery process for items. From the moment products leave the distribution facility until they get to their destination, they have to overcome many challenges. Achieving efficient procedures and standing out from the competition may depend on optimising transport and delivery costs.

Ecommerce businesses typically collaborate with one or more transport services at this logistics step. Companies must work with freight forwarders to coordinate the packing and labelling procedures in order to prevent mistakes and delays that could result in unhappy customers and ultimately limit corporate growth.


Synchronised logistics operations for effectiveness

Coordinated logistics procedures enhance customer service while maximising a business’s expenses and resources. The road to efficiency when dealing with the complexity of today’s logistics world can be found in automating decision-making through automated solutions and logistics software.

Information transfer with other supply chain nodes is coordinated by software like WMS to create synchronised and effective logistical procedures. Joining for any one of the Logistics and supply chain management courses at Institutes like Reliant Institute of Logistics which is the Best logistics institute in Kochi will help you to know more in this topic.




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